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Current Affair 02 July 2019 : Current_affairs

Many events happen in our surrounding or around the world on every momment. These all events are important for us as well as we descuss about this to each other. So many these events are asked in exams so we learn thses events as current affairs.

Read about the current_affairs the latest topic Current Affair 02 July 2019

Current Affair 02 July 2019

Current Affair 02 July 2019

1. Uttar Pradesh State government has started DASTAK campaign against communicative diseases Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) andJapanese Encephalitis (JE) disease on 1 July in the State. DASTAK campaign will run from 1st to 31st July. This campaign is part of the State’s comprehensive Social and Behaviour Change Communication (SBCC) strategy. The vector-borne disease sensitive states have been marked.

The campaign was started with an aim to create awareness about  the communicable diseases JE and AES. 
Under this state-wide campaign, teams will reach every village of the state to create awareness about  the communicable diseases JE and AES.
It will also ensure the availability of clean drinking water, initiate sanitation drive,ensure vaccination and early treatment so that disease should be nipped in the bud.                                   

About AES and JE:
Japanese encephalitis (JE) a vector-borne viral disease, caused by a group B arbovirus (Flavivirus) and transmitted by Culicine mosquito. 
Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) is most widely caused by Japanese Encephalitis (JE) virus. Encephalitis is an inflammation or swelling and irritation of the brain. It is also called acute viral encephalitis or aseptic encephalitis.
Symptoms: The symptoms include mild flu-like symptoms such as a high fever, personality changes, convulsions (seizures), severe headache, nausea and vomiting, stiff neck, confusion,  problems with speech or hearing, hallucinations, memory loss, drowsiness and coma.
Encephalitis can not be prevented, but illnesses that may lead to it can be avoided. 

Why awareness is needed in India?
The incidence of AES and JE in Bihar is increasing since 2009. AES claimed 150 lives in 2019. The highest incidence reporting for AES in Bihar are from Patna, Jehenabad, Nawada, Gaya, Lakhisarai, Gopalganj, Siwan, East Champaran and West Champaran. People should be educated and awareness about the disease should be created among the people.
AES in Uttar Pradesh: After Bihar, UP is being affected with vector-borne disease. The disease hits the peak during monsoons, from July to October. 
The State government has taken measures for AES disease. 
The bed capacity at BRD has been increased to 428 from 272, the annual medicine budget has been raised from ₹2.5 crore to ₹13 crore, while 16 lakh persons are being vaccinated each year and 3.5 lakh paramedics trained to assist in treatment.

2. India pledged USD 5 million in 2019 to the UN Palestine refugee agency.
The agency's difficult financial situation due to voluntary contributions from a limited donor base and called for ensuring sustained fiscal support for its work. 
India's Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador K Nagaraj Naidu the government increased its annual financial contribution four fold to the UNRWA core budget from USD 1.25 million in 2016 to USD 5 million in 2018.
They attended a meeting of the General Assembly Ad Hoc Committee for Voluntary Contributions to United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
They mark of India's solidarity with the Palestine refugees. 
India's support for UNRWA's work is providing assistance to about 5.4 million Palestine refugees to help them achieve their full human development potential. 
As part of the Government of India's ongoing assistance programmes in Palestine to strengthen capacity-building efforts focused on institutions, services, and training personnel.
The country is providing 150 places for Palestinian professionals every year under the Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation program.  
During the last five years, under an India-Palestine development partnership, 17 agreements signed in the fields of agriculture, health care, information technology, youth affairs, consular affairs, women's empowerment, and media.

About Palestine 
President: Mahmoud Abbas
Prime Minister: Mohammad Shtayyeh

3. New Zealand officially banned single-use plastic shopping bags introducing hefty fines for business.
Plastic pollution has become a growing global concern with a million birds and more than 100,000 marine mammals who are injured or killed every year 
Companies that break New Zealand's ban face heavy penalties including fines of up to 100,000 New Zealand dollar (USD 67,000).
The use of single-use plastic shopping bags under the new rules, thin plastic single-use shopping bags can no longer be supplied 
The law allows reusable carriers to continue being provided
The legislation announced in August last year 
The law came into force on Monday
They will provide a little practical effect 

About New Zealand
Capital: Wellington
Currency: New Zealand dollar.

4. TheReserve Bank of India on circular on the resolution of bad loans.
The debt-ridden Infrastructure Leasing & Financial Services Ltd is constituting a sub-committee to oversee the process of divestment of its assets. 
The decision was taken during its board meeting held on June 28. 
The six-member committee will comprise of 4 directors namely Vineet Nayyar, CS Rajan, Bijay Kumar, N Srinivasan, and COO N Sivaraman. 
They will discuss and finalize the asset-wise framework of resolution with lenders.
LIC is the IL&FS biggest shareholder with a more than 25% stake while Japan's ORIX Corp with a 23.54% stake and Abu Dhabi Investment Authority with 12.56%. 

About IL&FS
Founded: 1987
Headquarters: Mumba
Chairman - Uday Kotak

5. Finance Ministry of India set to launch the 11th tranche of Electoral Bonds sale to start from July 1 - 10
India's largest Public Sector Bank (PSB) State Bank of India (Sal) authorized to issue and encash electoral bonds in the Xl phase of the sale 
It is carried out through its 29 branches. 
This is the first issuance of electoral bonds.

About electoral bonds: 
Transparency in political funding, electoral bonds are alternative to cash donations made to political parties. 
These were introduced in 2018 through the Electoral Bond Scheme by government. Electoral bonds purchased by a person is a citizen of India or entities incorporated or established in India.
Registered political parties that have secured not less than 1% of the votes polled in the last election of the Lok Sabha or legislative assembly. 
The electoral bonds will be valid for 15 calendar days.
The payment will be made to any payee political party if the bond is deposited after the expiry of the validity period. 
The electoral bond deposited by an eligible political party.

6. 2 July 2019 Current Affairs: Telecom Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad formed a committee
It is headed by Telecom Secretary Aruna Sundararajan to look into the revival plans for Telecom sector 
It is under financial stress. 
They review the issues in the sector.
It promoted Ease of Doing Business (EDB). 
The committee will submit the report in 2 weeks time. 
It will look into the previous recommendations provided by the telecom regulator Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) 
They will consult Solicitor General if it requires any clarity on issues.
The committee will focus on the issues like reduction of levies and fees such as licence fee, spectrum usage charge (SUC) and universal service levy along with review of definition of aggregated gross revenue. 

About Ministry of Communications & Information Technology; 
Headquarters: New Delhi 
Departments: Department of Telecommunications, Department of Posts

7. Red Bull's Max Verstappen won the 2019 Austrian Grand Prix.
He defeated Ferrari's, Charles Leclerc
Mercedes Valtteri Bottas met continuous win and finishes with the third one.
Ferrari's Sebastian Ve became fourth. 
Five-times world champion Mercedes Lewis Hamilton won fifth place.

About 2019 Austrian Grand Prix 
2019 Austrian Grand Prix which is formally known as the Formula 1 my World Großer Preis von Österreich 2019 was a Formula One motor race

8. Prime Minister of India finalized a five-year vision plan for each Ministry.
The Department of Higher Education of HRD Ministry finalized and released a five-year vision plan named Education Quality Upgradation and Inclusion Programme (EQUIP). 
This report prepared after a detailed exercise done by the Experts covering the following ten areas:

The ten Expert Groups drawn from senior academicians suggested more than 50 initiatives  transform the higher education sector completely. The Groups have set the following goals for higher education sector:
Double the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education 
They resolve the geographically and socially skewed access to higher education institutions in India
Around 50 Indian institutions among the top-1000 global universities.
The governance reforms in higher education for well-administered campuses to improve quality.  
For each initiative, the Groups recommended modalities for implementation, investments and timelines.



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